Archives par étiquette : india

Language of the Week: Bengali

bengali

I’m not sure if everyone is familiar with Bengali, even if it is one of the top 10 spoken languages of the world. In fact, there are over 200 million native speakers mostly located in Bangladesh and other provinces of India.

Bengali is written in Bengali script and similar to other Indian languages, the Bengali scripts are grouped together based on the way that they are pronounced.

There are vowels, consonants which are separated into five groups; velar, palatal, retroflex, dental and labial, and semi vowels. There are a few particular rules to the Bengali script:

Vowels:

All vowels can be written either as a full vowel or their vowel sign. In a word, when a consonant precedes a vowel, then a vowel sign is used. If a vowel precedes a vowel or if a word starts with a vowel, then the full vowel is used. There is no difference in the pronunciation of the full vowel or the vowel sign.

Consonants:

If two or more consonants follow each other in a word, they are not written as normal, instead they are combined to form a new symbol.

There are no upper case or lower case letters in Bengali, and good news for everyone wanting to learn Bengali, their nouns do not have genders!

Of course I always leave you with a few words for you to try out:

Bengali Pronunciation English
নমস্কার  nômoshkar hello
(তুমি) কেমন আছো? (tumi) kêmon achho? how are you? (Informal singular)
ধন্যবাদ dhonnobad thank you
দুঃখিত dukkhito sorry
হ্যাঁ ha yes
না na no
আপনি কি ইংরেজি বলতে পারেন? apni ki Engreji bolte paren? do you speak English?

 

Just a heads up, there are differences between the Bengali spoken by hindu and muslim people.

ভালো থেকো। (bhalo theko) bye !

 

 


Who are we?

Agence de traduction AlltradisAlltradis is today a key player in translation and conference interpreting.

Since its creation in 1995, Alltradis has translated over 19,000 written projects in various language combinations, organized simultaneous interpreting for the largest international conferences and gathered a long list of loyal clients. Alltradis has truly become a fundamental part of their success. We specialize in diverse industries such as medical/pharmaceutical translation, cosmetic/luxury product translation, technical and industrial translation, marketing/finance/HR translation, legal translation, etc.

Many world leading companies trust our expertise – what are you waiting for? For more information, visit our website: www.alltradis.us


Language of the Week: Hindi

 

hindi

Language of this Week : Hindi !

First, a little background information. Hindi comes from the Persian word Hind which means « Land of the Indus River » and has roots going back to nearly 5,000 BC. It became the official language of India in 1965, but is also spoken in other countries such as Mauritius; Fiji and Nepal. It is also one of the most spoken languages in the world, close to 425 million people speak Hindi as their first language.

Like in French, in Hindi, all nouns have genders and the spelling of verbs and adjectives change to agree with the noun.

If your new years resolution this year was to learn Hindi, then you might have just lucked out. It is said that Hindi is to be one of the easiest languages to learn due to the fact that it is read exactly has it is written. But then again, it also has 48 officially accepted dialects.

So, I was told that in Hindi, two characters, “Santa” and “Banta” are often used in jokes, so I did some researching and I thought they were pretty funny so here are a few to hopefully brighten your day! (In case you wanted to practice, I’ve also provided them in Hindi of course)

1.
Santa: I was hit by a bus when I was a child, you know.
Banta: Oh my god, did you die or survive?
Santa: I don’t remember, I was only four then.

संताःपता है बचपन में मुझे एक बस ने धक्का मार दिया था.
बंताःबाप रे, तू मर गया कि बचा?
संताःयादनहीं, मैं तब केवल चार साल का था.
[Santa: Patahai, bachpan mein mujhe ek bus ne dhakka maar diya tha.
Banta: Baap re, tu mar gaya kibacha?
Santa: Yaad nahi. main tab chaar saal ka tha.

2.

Santa: How much is a banana?
Grocer: 1 rupee.
Santa: Would you sell it for 60 paise?
Grocer: You could only get the skin of the fruit for that price.
Santa: Take 40 paise, just give me the banana, (and keep the skin).

संताःकेला कितने में?
फलवालाःएक रूपए.
संताः 60 पैसे में दोगे?
फलवालाःइतने में तो बस छिलका मिलेगा.
संताःये लो 40 पैसे, मुझे बस केला चाहिए.
[Santa: Kelaa kitne mein?
Falwala: 1 rupaye.
Santa: 60 paise mein doge?
Falwala: Itne me to sirf kele kaa chhilkaa milegaa.
Santa: Ye lo 40 paise, mujhe bas kelaa chahiye.]

Also popular are Teacher-student jokes, here’s one:

Teacher: Write an essay on a cricket match.
All pupils started writing except one.
Teacher: Why are you sitting?
Student: I’ve finished the essay.
Teacher: What did you write?
Student: « Due to rain, no match.”

टीचरः क्रिकेट मैच पर लेख लिखो.
सब लिख रहे थे. मगर एक छात्र बैठा था.
टीचरः क्यों बैठे हो?
छात्रः लिख लिया.
टीचरः क्या?
छात्रः बारिश हो गई, मैच रद्द.
[Teacher: Cricket match par lekh likho.
Sab likh rahe the, magar ek student baitha tha
Teacher: Kyon baithe ho?
Chhatr: Likh liya.
Teacher: Kya?
Chhatr: Barish ho gayee, match radd.]

Hope you had a good laugh!

बाय(Baya : Bye!)

 



Who are we?

Agence de traduction AlltradisAlltradis is today a key player in translation and conference interpreting.

Since its creation in 1995, Alltradis has translated over 19,000 written projects in various language combinations, organized simultaneous interpreting for the largest international conferences and gathered a long list of loyal clients. Alltradis has truly become a fundamental part of their success. We specialize in diverse industries such as; medical/pharmaceutical translation, cosmetic/luxury product translation, technical and industrial translation, marketing/finance/HR translation, legal translation, etc.

Many world leading companies trust our expertise – what are you waiting for? For more information, visit our website: www.alltradis.us