Archives par étiquette : consonants

Language of the Week: Korean

korean

안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) hello!

As you may have guessed, the language of this week is Korean!

Korean is the official language of both the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) which is a total of approximately 73 million people. Korean is written in a script is called Hangeul and it is said that the basics of Hangeul can be learned in just a few hours.

In the Korean alphabet, there are consonants:

1 consonants

 

And then there are double consonants:

2 double consonants

 

 

There are vowels:

3 vowels

 

 

And then there are Complex vowels:

4 complex vowels

 

 

 

Characters are written from up to down or from left to right and always start with a consonant.

5 writting

 

 

 

 

 

 

If you want to write only the vowel, it must be written with the consonant o.

Original vowel Written by itself

 

When writing in Korean, characters are written to fill an imaginary box and letters can be stretched or compressed to fill in the space of the box and to make it evenly sized with the other syllables. For example, you can see below how the size and shape of the letter ㄱ changes to fill in this imaginary box.

6 characters

 

 

Like always, here are some simple phrases for you to try out:

Korean Pronunciation English
어떻게 지내세요? eotteohke jinaeseyo? How are you?
만나서 반가워요 Mannaseo bangawoyo Pleased to meet you
제 이름은 … 입니다 je ireum-eun … imnida My name is…
감사합니다 kamsahamnida Thank you
미안합니다! mianhamnida Sorry
실례하겠습니다! shillehagessumnida Excuse me
모르겠습니다 moreugesseumnida I don’t understand

In Korea, there are some rules of etiquette; make sure to bow to new acquaintances and elders, hugging and kissing is generally out of the question and there is an “honorifics” system which dictates different verb endings and vocabulary to use depending on your relationship with the person. In North Korea, there is a specific verb ending for addressing their leader, Kim Jong-il. What this means is that you have to add 옵 [-op-] at the end whenever you are addressing him.

That’s all for today, 안녕!(annyeong) bye!

 



Who are we?

Agence de traduction AlltradisAlltradis is today a key player in translation and conference interpreting.

Since its creation in 1995, Alltradis has translated over 19,000 written projects in various language combinations, organized simultaneous interpreting for the largest international conferences and gathered a long list of loyal clients. Alltradis has truly become a fundamental part of their success. We specialize in diverse industries such as medical/pharmaceutical translation, cosmetic/luxury product translation, technical and industrial translation, marketing/finance/HR translation, legal translation, etc.

Many world leading companies trust our expertise – what are you waiting for? For more information, visit our website: www.alltradis.us


Language of the Week: Bengali

bengali

I’m not sure if everyone is familiar with Bengali, even if it is one of the top 10 spoken languages of the world. In fact, there are over 200 million native speakers mostly located in Bangladesh and other provinces of India.

Bengali is written in Bengali script and similar to other Indian languages, the Bengali scripts are grouped together based on the way that they are pronounced.

There are vowels, consonants which are separated into five groups; velar, palatal, retroflex, dental and labial, and semi vowels. There are a few particular rules to the Bengali script:

Vowels:

All vowels can be written either as a full vowel or their vowel sign. In a word, when a consonant precedes a vowel, then a vowel sign is used. If a vowel precedes a vowel or if a word starts with a vowel, then the full vowel is used. There is no difference in the pronunciation of the full vowel or the vowel sign.

Consonants:

If two or more consonants follow each other in a word, they are not written as normal, instead they are combined to form a new symbol.

There are no upper case or lower case letters in Bengali, and good news for everyone wanting to learn Bengali, their nouns do not have genders!

Of course I always leave you with a few words for you to try out:

Bengali Pronunciation English
নমস্কার  nômoshkar hello
(তুমি) কেমন আছো? (tumi) kêmon achho? how are you? (Informal singular)
ধন্যবাদ dhonnobad thank you
দুঃখিত dukkhito sorry
হ্যাঁ ha yes
না na no
আপনি কি ইংরেজি বলতে পারেন? apni ki Engreji bolte paren? do you speak English?

 

Just a heads up, there are differences between the Bengali spoken by hindu and muslim people.

ভালো থেকো। (bhalo theko) bye !

 

 


Who are we?

Agence de traduction AlltradisAlltradis is today a key player in translation and conference interpreting.

Since its creation in 1995, Alltradis has translated over 19,000 written projects in various language combinations, organized simultaneous interpreting for the largest international conferences and gathered a long list of loyal clients. Alltradis has truly become a fundamental part of their success. We specialize in diverse industries such as medical/pharmaceutical translation, cosmetic/luxury product translation, technical and industrial translation, marketing/finance/HR translation, legal translation, etc.

Many world leading companies trust our expertise – what are you waiting for? For more information, visit our website: www.alltradis.us