Archives par étiquette : beginners phrases

Language of the Week: Malay-Indonesian

malay-indonesian

Apa kabar (hello!)

In recent years, travel to exotic south Asian countries has become increasingly popular. Indonesia being no exception. The official language is Bahasa Indonesia, meaning “language of Indonesia” and is actually a standardized dialect of Malay.

What most don’t know is that before 1930’s Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch, therefore, the Latin alphabet was introduced to the Indonesian writing system and some Dutch spellings were used. This alphabet was called ejaan lama (Old script). After the independence movement in the 1930’s the Indonesian language was standardized and the name Bahasa Indonesia was adopted.

In 1972, a set of official changes to the Indonesian alphabet were introduced and here is the alphabet as it appears today:

English Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm
Indonesian a be ce de e ef ge ha i je ka el em
English Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Indonesian en o pe ki er es te u fe we eks ye zet

Due to its diverse history, in the Indonesian language, there are words borrowed from Europe, the Middle East and Asia. There are loanwords of Sanskrit origin, Arabic origin, Chinese origin, Portuguese origin and Dutch origin.

And of course, I always leave you with a few beginner phrases to get you started:

English Indonesian
Good morning. Selamat pagi.
Good bye Selamat tinggal.
Please. Silakan.
Thank you. Terima kasih.
Excuse me. Maaf.
I am sorry. Maafkan saya.
Yes. Ya.
No. Tidak.

 

 

Selamat tinggal(bye !)

 



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